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Monthly Meetings 3rd Thursday, 6: You may also find references to your Surname in other sections of this homepage. If you cannot find the surname you are looking for please make a submission. Must have a Whitley County Connection. Include your complete name and mailing address with all queries. Share your information or seek information. You need to submit a query for it to be seen and read. If you could send me email once a year I will put a new date in your query so people will know that it and your Email address are still alive.
Whitley County Query Index: Search Engines can not find ALL occurrences but can be used as an aid. Remember they search for exactly what you enter!
If you have a? She was born 12 Nov in Churubusco IN. Her mother was Mary Eleanor Hutzel , born 31 Dec Grandfather was Western Ackley.
Any information would be greatly appreciated. Melody Lane, Gilbert AZ John married Bertha E. Ohio Served in 5th Indiana Battery. Any info on brother? I've taken the family 7 generations back, but can't find the progenitor in the U.
Randolph, Chicago, IL They were married Sept. Together they had 4 children: Eli, Catharine, David and Olive. Anyone wishing to share information please contact me at? We do know that he is buried next to Catherine A.
Lived Allen and Whitley Counties. John's Lutheran church cemetery South Whitley, as are some of their children. AUER - see Schinbeckler. Married 1 July in Stark County, Ohio. Found in Clear Creek Twp. Indiana September 25 His mothers name was Rebecca I do not know her maiden name. BAIR - see Hill. Zachariah was born around in Harrison Co. My e-mail address is: In the Census, he was 22 years old. His wife, Eveline, 25, and daughters Helen M.
Any information or contact from relatives! Who lived in Whitley County, Indiana in Family lived in Parke Co. IN 12 years before moving to Whitley County. If anyone has info and would like to exchange please contact me. They lived in Churubusco in I would very much appreciate any information or direction you could give me or another area to pursue.
They are buried at the South Whitley Cemetery with several of their children and grandchildren. Would like to know the natural parents of Jack or Charles. Payton , S. All were Whitley Co. Solomon b m. Elam died in and left wife Cora and children: After Molly died he married his 2nd wife: Looking for information on any of these surnames. Any information on any of these people would be greatly appreciated.
Martha Beeching Jones W. It has been assumed that his father was Rev. Maring, where Roberet S. Very willing to exchange information. Help and assistance is appreciated. Haley , 1 Towers Park Lane Apt. Adam may be Jacob's younger brother. Hiram married in in Whitley Co.
Will be glad to share. Parents of Charles Sr. Deep Lagoon Place, Jacksonville, Fla. Have questions and answers. Box , Pahrump, NV Have his death certificate, but am seeking anything about his father Nicholas, where did he go to and who was his father. Any help would be appreciated.
Neil Smith , P. Box , Porterville, CA Children all born in Whitley Co.: Seeking ancestors and descendants. I would like more info on the Boyd linage. I will share what I have. BOYD - see Carder. Both landowners in Jefferson Twp. I assume he came to USA bet and Born ca Hanover Germany. I have copy of will in German, and have had it translated. John's Cemetery b d Have tintype of store front lettered "B.
Brenneman" that sold cigars, crockery, etc. May have been on east side of courthouse, close to original Flox's. His father was John Bridegan but I don't know who his mother was. If you know anyone who can help me, please have them reply by email Gravesubj aol.
She was born in Virginia and died 7 Feb. Would be glad to share information. I have found Mary Jane on the census in as either widowed or divorced working as a servent. I have not been able to find anything on Ike Burwell anywhere.
Any help would be much appreciated. Markano , Oakbend Dr. San Diego, CA BUSH - see Auer. They are listed as farmers. I am searching for Death of Elcy and the marriage of William and Elcy. Oct 12, , d. Had no idea we should be looking in Whitley County for our genealogy./p>
The flesh is juicy, green and acidic. Easily grown container plant, or zone 10 outside. The tree reaches meters high. The Borojo Tree is cultivated for its fruits rich in calcium. They have cm in diameter and their color is green. The pulp of these fruits is acid and very dense.
It is also brown. Each fruit contains hundreds of seeds. They are ready to consume when they fall off the branches. The uses of the Borojo fruits vary from juice, ice cream, capsules and jelly. The trunk of the tree is small and sometimes separated in two or three smaller trunks.
The trunk is grey-brown and harsh. The tree is an evergreen. The foliage is dark green and the leaves have a smooth texture. The Borojo Tree can resist small periods of frost and even floods. Easily grown in warm greenhouses in cooler climates. The tree enjoys moderate light. It requires good watering, don't let the soil dry out.
You may fertilize monthly with a balanced fertilizer. The tender, young leaves are used in the process of tea production. Can be grown in tubs inside, or in cool greenhouses, outdoors in warm climates. Prefers moist, well drained, humus rich, slightly acidic 5. We recommend maintaining a inch deep mulch of shredded bark or leaves around base of plant.
Hardy to zone 7. To make green tea, pick only the top 3 leaves from new growing tips, spread and dry in the shade for hours, then in an open pot, heat simmer the leaves, stirring frequently for about an hour. For black tea, you must ferment the leaves. USDA Zones 8 to It bears small edible fruits that are loved by birds thus the common name and has a variety of uses in traditional medicine.
Its evergreen nature ensures that its attractive foliage is present throughout the year and its presence is bound to attract numerous fruit-eating and insectivorous birds.
The thorns, though stout and strong and worthy of respect, are generally not as menacing as some gardeners are led to believe and in fact give the tree a lovely visual quality. Plant in a large hole with plenty of compost and ensure watering is carried out until established. It is fairly hardy and because of its ability to tolerate a range of conditions, can be used in a variety of garden habitats to great effect.
Canthium inerme, like so many tree species in southern Africa, is utilized for medicinal purposes, the leaves being used in the treatment of stomach ailments Coates Palgrave As mentioned previously, the fruits are eaten by people.
The species, with its horticultural potential becoming increasingly recognized, is now commonly encountered in the South African nursery trade. We estimate zone 9b and higher.
The dwarf tree starts to flower and set fruit during its second year when the plant reaches 4' tall. It can fruit the first year, if grown in high light with an extended growing season. Red Lady is a self-fertile hybrid whose fruits often weigh pounds.
Two-pound fruits are more common for container grown plants. The oblong papaya is orange-red, sweet and juicy when ripe. Rich in vitamins A, C and other nutrients, it also contains papain, an enzyme that aids in the digestion of protein. Harvest the fruit when the skin yields slightly to the touch and changes from green to yellow. You'll notice a sweet, delicious aroma when it's fully ripe.
Green papayas are sometimes shredded and used in salads or stews. Grow in full sun and well-drained soil. Hardy to Zone 10 and higher for outdoors.
In Zulu, as well as in the Bantu tribes of Uganda, it is called amatungulu. In Afrikaans the fruit is called Noem-Noem. It deals well with salt-laden winds, making it a good choice for coastal areas. It is commonly found in the coastal bush of the Eastern Cape and Natal. It produces shiny, deep green leaves and snowy white flowers whose perfumed scent intensifies at night. It is a spiny, evergreen shrub containing latex. The flowers are about 2 inches across and sweetly fragrant, like orange blossoms, especially at night.
The edible fruit is a pretty plum shaped red berry abut 2 inches long which tastes like sweet cranberries. Natal plum blooms almost all year long and most of the time both flowers and fruit are present. The fruit can be eaten out of hand or made into pies, jams, jellies, and sauces. A traditional food plant in Africa, this little-known fruit has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable landcare.
Natal plum are among the best ocean front foundation, hedge, container and groundcover plants for tropical and subtropical regions. They are very popular in South Florida. Natal plums are often grown in containers on ocean front condominium balconies. Their thick leathery leaves are not torn by wind nor bothered by salt spray. Zones outdoors, but easily grown as a container plant and brought inside during winter. Common names include shellbark hickory, scalybark hickory, shagbark, and upland hickory.
Shagbark hickory is evenly distributed throughout the Eastern States and, together with pignut hickory, furnishes the bulk of the commercial hickory. The tough resilient properties of the wood make it suitable for products subject to impact and stress. The sweet nuts, once a staple food for American Indians, provide food for wildlife. Mockernut hickory is a medium to large, deciduous tree with a straight trunk and rounded crown that typically grows ' less frequently to ' tall. It is primarily native to hillsides and ridges in somewhat dry soils.
It grows throughout the eastern and central U. In Missouri, it is found in dry upland woods, ridges and slopes throughout the State, except it is not present in the southeastern lowlands and northwestern corner. Compound, odd-pinnate, dark yellowish-green leaves each to " long have , toothed, ovate-lanceolate leaflets. Leaflets grow " long. Leaflet undersides are downy and glandular.
Rachis and petiole are pubescent. Leaflets are aromatic when cut or bruised. Leaves turn an attractive yellow in fall. Thin dark gray bark develops furrows and flattened ridging as it matures. Non-showy, monoecious, yellowish-green flowers bloom in April-May, with the male flowers in drooping catkins to 6" long and the female flowers on short spikes. Female flowers give way to fruits rounded nuts , but only after the tree reaches about 25 years old.
Each nut is encased in a thick, four-grooved husk which splits open in fall when ripe. Nuts are edible for humans but can be very difficult to extract from the husks, hence the common name of mockernut. Nuts are eaten by a variety of mammals including squirrels, chipmunks, rabbits, raccoons and black bears.
Light colored sap wood of this tree gives rise to a sometimes used common name of white hickory. Genus name is a Greek name for walnut. Specific epithet means with short hairs in reference to the leaflet undersides. Tolerates drought; any soil; gusty winds; smog; sun or shade, but does not like heavy fog.
Makes an attractive, low-maintenance street tree. Deep, non-invasive roots rarely cause sidewalk problems. Disease and pest resistant. Tree grows to10m in cultivation.
Small green flowers are borne in Spring followed by small, sweet, edible fruit which are a dark-orange ripening to red-brown. It is widely cultivated for its edible pods, and as an ornamental tree in gardens.
The ripe, dried pod is often ground to carob powder, which is used to replace cocoa powder. Carob bars, an alternative to chocolate bars, are often available in health-food stores. Carob consumed by humans is the dried and sometimes roasted pod.
The pod consists of two main parts: Carob is mildly sweet and is used in powdered, chip or syrup form as an ingredient in cakes and cookies, and as a substitute for chocolate.
Carob bars are widely available in health food stores. A traditional sweet, eaten during Lent and Good Friday, is also made from carob pods in Malta. Dried carob fruit is traditionally eaten on the Jewish holiday of Tu Bishvat. While chocolate contains levels of theobromine which are toxic to some mammals, carob contains significantly less caffeine and theobromine, and is therefore used to make chocolate-flavored treats for dogs.
Carob pod meal is used as an energy-rich feed for livestock, particularly for ruminants, though its high tannin content may limit its use. Carob pods were mainly used as animal fodder in the Maltese Islands, apart from times of famine or war when they formed part of the diet of many Maltese. In the Iberian Peninsula, carob pods were used to feed donkeys. Carob trees may be grown in USDA zones Cut branches with swollen flower buds may be forced indoors, making a welcomed winter flower arrangement.
Japanese Flowering Quince is a dense, broad-rounded, deciduous fruiting shrub or small tree. It typically grows to 5 to 10 feet tall and as wide. The leaves are finely-toothed, oval to oblong, glossy dark green to 3. Leaves may emerge in spring with a bronzy cast. Flowers are followed by hard, dot-speckled, yellowish-greenapple shaped fruits 2. The fruit is called Karin in Japanese and is very hard and astringent and very unpleasant to eat raw, though they do soften and become less astringent after frost when they are said to be "bletted" , much like persimmons.
They are suitable for making liqueurs, as well as marmalade and preserves, as they contain more pectin than apples and true quinces. The fruit also contain more vitamin C than lemons.
The plants have dark shiny-green leaves and white fragrant flowers. A very ornamental plant. Its a heavy bearing variety with excellent quality. Normally it begins to produce in 4 years. One producing tree can provide 1 lb. The plant has a shallow root system and grows as a robust small tree or large shrub. It flowers irregularly, taking about months for cherries to ripen, producing oval-shaped beans. The robusta plant has a greater crop yield than that of Coffea arabica, and contains more caffeine - 2.
As it is less susceptible to pests and disease, robusta needs much less herbicide and pesticide than arabica. It is shorter than Coffea arabica with longer leaves. Good-quality robusta beans are used in traditional Italian espresso blends, to provide a full-bodied taste and a better foam head known as crema.
May be grown indoors in bright light. Height is under 3'. Grows only " tall and a mature plant is loaded with beans. Can be grown inside as a houseplant, needs tropical warmth outside. A very prolific coffee of excellent quality. Favored by most growers. The fruit of this tree has long been valued for its sticky mucilaginous pulp, which is eaten to suppress coughs and chest complaints, and to treat sore throats.
The pulp is also applied as an emollient to abscesses, to calm rheumatic pain, and to purge parasitic intestinal worms. In Tanzania the fruit pulp is applied to ringworm. In Mali and the Cote d'Ivoire the leaves are applied to wounds and ulcers.
A macerate of the leaves is taken to treat the effects of tsetse fly bites, and also applied to the bites externally. The sticky pulp, especially from the unripe fruits, has widespread use as bird lime. Ripe fruits are eaten raw, while tender young fruits are eaten fresh or pickled as a vegetable. Mashed fruits enter into the preparation of sorghum beer. The kernel is also edible. In India the leaves are prepared as a vegetable.
In Burkina Faso the ash obtained by burning young branches is used to make soap. In South-East Asia the leaves are used as cattle fodder. Cordia dichotoma is a small to moderate-sized deciduous tree with a short bole and spreading crown. The stem bark is greyish brown, smooth or longitudinally wrinkled. Flowers are short-stalked, bisexual, white in colour which open only at night. The fruit is a yellow or pinkish-yellow shining globose which turns black on ripening and the pulp gets viscid.
The immature fruits are pickled and are also used as a vegetable fodder. The leaves also yield good fodder. The seed kernel has medicinal properties. It is often cultivated for its fruits throughout the range of its natural distribution.
In Burma, the Pa-O people grow the tree called "thanapet" for its edible leaves. The natural distribution of this small to moderate-sized, dry deciduous tree includes most of tropical Asia and Australasia, where its grows in a variety of drier habitats. It is popularly cultivated throughout its range for the immature fruits which are usually pickled.
Tropical, for zone 10 and higher. Multi stemmed, branching shrub to about 10 ft. Attractive, pointed, toothed, dark green leaves. Bears loads of edible nuts in fall. Native to Eastern US. It is cold hardy and resistant to most diseases.
According to research books, it should start bearing fruit in years from seeds. Does well in most soils. Growth rate is usually slow. Like many trees with horizontal branches, the main limbs are quite small in diameter in relationship to the typically straight trunk, and arise at almost a degree angle.
This should make the tree quite durable in urban areas and helps maintain a symmetrical crown so prized by landscape architects. Inconspicuous female flowers and two to three-inch-long, attractive male catkins are produced in early spring and are followed by the production of clustered fruits which are quite irresistible to squirrels.
But this characteristic varies from one tree to the next. Best for zones The Mayhaw fruit has been treasured in the Deep South for its culinary uses for generations. Mayhaws are highly esteemed for making jelly, sauces and wine, and are one of the few ornamental flowering trees adapted for use in wet area landscaping. In the past, there was sufficient wild fruit available to satisfy most local needs, if you wanted to harvest mayhaws, you simply went searching along bayous or ditchbanks till you found wild plants fruiting and harvested what you needed.
Recently, however, many native mayhaw stands have been destroyed by land clearing for forestry and agriculture and by the increased popularity of the fruit. Also, small commercial manufacturers of mayhaw jelly and syrup have become more prominent, and now easily accessible trees are getting very hard to find.
Mayhaw fruit is very light and weighs only 4 to 5 pounds per gallon. If you have a wet or low lying area, you might consider growing some of these trees for personal use, or as a way to make a few extra bucks during harvest season. Mayhaw trees take a few years to start producing fruit, and mature trees can provide 25 or more gallons of fruit in a good year. Other common names include may, mayblossom, maythorn, quickthorn, whitethorn, motherdie, and haw.
The Common Hawthorn is a shrub or small tree feet tall, with a dense crown. The bark is dull brown with vertical orange cracks. The younger stems bear sharp thorns. The hermaphrodite flowers are produced in late spring and are moderately fragrant. The haw is a small, oval dark red fruit about. Haws are important for wildlife in winter, particularly thrushes and waxwings; these birds eat the haws and disperse the seeds in their droppings. Common Hawthorn is extensively planted as a hedge plant, especially for agricultural use.
Its spines and close branching habit render it effectively stock and human proof with some basic maintenance. The fruit of hawthorn, called haws, are edible raw but are commonly made into jellies, jams, and syrups, used to make wine, or to add flavour to brandy. Botanically they are pomes, but they look similar to berries. A haw is small and oblong, similar in size and shape to a small olive or grape, and red when ripe.
Haws develop in groups of along smaller branches. They are pulpy and delicate in taste. Hawthorn Jelly has become very popular lately, lending to the name of "Jelly Tree" when the hawthorn is referred to. The orange fruit has a mealy texture with an acid taste and a slight bitterness but is fairly nice raw. The fruit can be used in making pies, preserves, etc, and can also be dried for later use.
There are up to five fairly large seeds in the centre of the fruit, these often stick together and so the effect is of eating a cherry-like fruit with a single seed.
It is a climbing member of the cucumber family that can be used as a vegetable in salads, or steamed, it has a nice sweet flavor. It is also an herbal plant, the fruit has anti-inflammatory, weight reducing it is often sold in capsule form as a natural weight loss product , lipid-absorbing, cholesterol and blood sugar regulating affects. Can easily be grown in the garden, on a fence or trellis. It is an annual plant.
One of the most interesting aspects of the plants is that when ripe, the fruits become spring-loaded missile devices, splitting and turning themselves inside-out to launch their seeds up to feet away into the garden. This is quite the conversation plant. They are eaten raw, made into a drink or roasted and used as a coffee substitute. The Zulu chewed them to relieve digestion and cure bad breath.
They are highly thought of as delicacies in Europe. It is a tropical plant that only does well outside in zone 10 or higher, but is an excellent container plant as it has a very shallow root system and is easy to container grow for landscape purposes. The trees grow ten to twelve feet in height and may be single-or multiple-stemmed depending on how they are trained. The large, somewhat oval leaves may be six to twelve inches long, and are softly pubescent.
The small pinkish fragrant flowers are produced in the spring and early summer and the fruits mature during the fall and following winter. Mature fruits are about the size of a normal chicken egg and also about the same shape. Fruits, at maturity, can be orange, red or purple, depending on the variety.
Internally, they somewhat resemble a tomato. Like tomatoes, they can be be eaten as a vegetable and used in sauces, soups or other ways. The most popular way of consuming the tree tomato is as a conserve. It can be made into jams and jellies also, but unlike regular tomatoes, when being cooked the seeds and skin of the tree tomato should be removed. The fruits, although they somewhat resemble tomatoes, do not have a tomato taste, but are pleasant for most people.
From a great distance the tree is easily seen because the reverse side of the green oval leaves is a satiny - shining gold color.
Makes an excellent ornamental and can be kept pruned to desired height. Star apples must not be bitten into. When opening a star apple, one should not allow any of the bitter latex of the skin to contact the edible flesh. The ripe fruit, preferably chilled, may be merely cut in half and the flesh spooned out, leaving the seed cells and core. A combination of the chopped flesh with that of mango, citrus, pineapple, other fruits and coconut water is frozen and served as Jamaica Fruit Salad Ice.
An attractive way to serve the fruit is to cut around the middle completely through the rind and then, holding the fruit stem-end down, twisting the top gently back and forth. As this is done, the flesh will be felt to free itself from the downward half of the rind, and the latter will pull away, taking with it the greater part of the core. They make superb container or open garden subjects in and around the garden, especially around swimming pools and courtyards.
Because this species grows mainly in the summer, plants must be kept dry during the colder winter months. They are ideal accent plants for a rockery, or may be planted in a large container on a sunny protected patio. These plants fare best in a loamy or sandy soil where drainage is optimal.
Adding plenty of river sand and general compost will greatly improve drainage in heavy clay soils. Soil quality can also be improved dramatically by lightly working some bone meal into the soil. Although smelly, the effect on soils is quite remarkable.
As a rule of thumb, use only organic products, such as those based on seaweed extract, especially if plants are going to be fed on a regular basis.
Organic products won't burn or damage plants. As with all succulents one must be careful not to over-water. These plants can survive with very little water and too often plants die as a result of too much water. If one lives in a very wet area, it is best to rather keep plants in big containers where they can be easily moved to a sheltered place.
This also helps where severe frost occurs as cypostemmas are not completely resistant to frost. Its most attractive features are its smooth bark, blue-green leaves, fragrant flowers and colourful fruits that attract many birds and insects. The bluebush is a slow to fast-growing plant, depending on the climate. It is a deciduous to evergreen shrub to medium tree up to 5 m tall with an open crown and drooping branches. It has blue-green leaves, arranged spirally at the ends of the branches.
The bark is dark grey to brown and smooth on older branches and stems, but covered with long hairs on young branches. It bears tiny, sweetly fragrant especially at night, creamy yellow, bell-shaped flowers. The flowers attract lots of insects and insectivorous birds, especially bees. Produces attractive, deep-red, marble-sized berries which are eaten by various birds, dassies, monkey and also humans. The fruit has a pleasant, sweetish taste, with jelly-like flesh when ripe; the young fruit is covered by hairs, but is smooth when ripe and turns from red to reddish brown to black.
Pieces of root of Diospyros lycioides are widely and commonly used as toothbrush, and pieces of the stem are used similarly in some areas. The small-sized wood is mainly suitable for small items of furniture and carvings such as trinket boxes, spoons and handles for tools and implements.
Occasionally the wood is used in hut construction, especially where smaller branches are needed. It is also used for fencing and as fuel. The leaves are important browse for both domestic and wild animals, although it is said to taint the milk of cows. In southern Africa the fruit and seed are used as food and are also used to make beer. Fruits are also fermented to distil alcohol.
The roasted ground seeds were once used as a coffee substitute. A yellowish brown dye is obtained from the roots while the bark is used for tanning skins. In Botswana the dye is used to colour palm leaves for basketry.
The plant is a bee forage. In South Africa and some parts of Europe, Diospyros lycioides is planted in gardens and used in landscaping. Diospyros grow very well in a well-drained soil in full sun. Propagate from seeds soaked in hot water overnight, as cuttings are very difficult to root. Young plants grow very fast. For best result in your own garden add lots of compost, mulch and feed with slow-release 3: Zone 9 and higher.
The black, heavy and durable heartwood is one of the sources of the ebony of commerce and much used for the manufacture of chess pieces. The fruits are edible, aromatic and astringent and are sometimes sold in markets in India. The tree also has a number of applications in traditional medicine and the leaves are commonly used in India for wrapping bidis, a traditional Indian cigarette.
Seeds should be soaked in cold water for a day before sowing. For zone 9 and higher. The leaves are generally elliptic, inches long, dark green on top and pale green underneath. The bark on older trunks is black and broken up into distinctive, regular square blocks. The female flowers develop into showy orange fruits, up to 2 inches in diameter, that are very astringent during maturation, but deliciously sweet when fully ripe.
It is one of the most widely-adapted of trees, growing naturally in bottomland swamps, along stream banks, in upland forests, in fields, piney woods, and even dry scrub lands. Prefers full sun, but also does well in partial sun.
Highly adaptable, tolerates drought and even brief flooding. Wild persimmons and their seedlings vary greatly in fruit quality and size. Plant persimmon trees in the natural area of your landscape where their fruit will can be shared with wildlife as well as children.
When you gently shake a persimmon tree, the ripe fruits fall to the ground. If you have to pull the fruit off the tree, it will surely pucker your mouth inside out! Ripe persimmons are delicious out of hand, and can be made into puddings and cakes. Frozen, they satisfy like ice cream, while dried persimmons are like dates. Persimmon wood is prized for its beauty and extreme density, and used for golf club heads and pool cues.
Easy to grow from seeds. Can be raised inside in tubs in the north and outside in mild climates. The fruits are large, up to 3" across and sweet. Known by the ancient Greeks as the fruit of the gods, the date plum is renowned for its sweet taste. This tree can reach up to 90 ft 30 m tall in warm areas, but will generally be smaller.
Up to about 30 ft m- tall it bears edible small fruits in autumn. The leaves of the date plum are decidious, and are about up to in 10 - Flowers - Flowers are small and yellow-green, and are dioecious. At least both a male and female plant will be required to get viable seeds. A pack of 10 seeds will usually produce both male and female plants, can be pollinated by other persimmons.
The date plum is a close relative to the persimon. However, the date plum is a smaller fruit, as it is about 0. It is a globose yellow fruit that turns purple-brown when fully ripe. Like the persimon, the date plum looses its astringency when fully ripe.
The flesh is then very soft and rich in flavour. It can easily be grown in USDA zones 5 and warmer. The date plum needs a fairly well-drained and deep ground. In nature, the plants will reach up to 20 feet in height with a spread of around feet wide.
It is a very dense shrub with very stiff, sharp spines. Spines will reach up to 3 inches long. The obovate, glossy leaves are up to 2 inches long. Leaves are usually clustered at the base of spines. Plants are moderately fast growers and one can expect them to produce fruit in years from seed. They are very drought resistant and their size is easily controlled with container size and selective pruning.
The plants are hardy in USDA zones The very small greenish yellow flowers are followed by 1 inch yellow fruit. The mature fruits taste somewhat like an apricot. Produces 1" velvety, purple skinned tart fruits which are used in jams, jellies. May also be pruned to size as an attractive ornamental plant. Consumed fresh, either as a flavoring for beverages, or in preserves. Fruits can be eaten out of hand but are usually not for the pulp is very acidic.
Grows very quickly under ideal conditions. Plants will tolerate dry and wet soils, although lots of moisture is necessary for proper fruit development. Fruiting occurs from spring to early summer. In some areas tree will bear multiple crops throughout the year.
Cold hardy to upper 20's. Can be tub raised. Russian-olives are non-native, deciduous shrubs or small trees that grow to 20 feet tall. It has yellow flowers and dry yellow mealy fruits.
Silver scales occur on the underside of the leaves. The twigs of Russian-olive are typically covered with thorns. These shrubs begin to flower and fruit annually after 3 years. An individual plant can produce 8 pounds of fruit each year. The leaves are covered with small scales which give the foliage a distinctive silvery appearance.
The fruit is berry-like, and is silvery when first formed but turns brown at maturity. Although its fruits are used in drinks and to make preserves, it is more sought after for its white shoots and silverundersides of leaves which give them an ornamental appeal. By Photo by David J. Thick, fleshy rhizomes give rise to erect shoots that bear two rows of linear-lance-shaped leaves each about 2' long.
The leaves are smooth and dark green above, silky and paler beneath. They taper to an acute point. Each contains aromatic reddish brown seeds. It is a tropical plant and needs zone 10 or higher to grow outside, but can be sucessfully grown in hothouses. It is called the Queen of Spices and considered one of the most exotic and highly prized spices.
Indian cardamom has a history as old as human civilization. Cardamom oil is a precious ingredient in food preparations, perfumery, health foods medicines and beverages. India, a traditional exporter of cardamom to the Middle East countries where it goes mostly into the preparation of 'Gahwa' - a strong cardamom - coffee concoction without which no day is complete or no hospitality hearty for an Arab. Indian cardamom enjoys a premium preference in the Middle East, by Japanese and Russians who relish it for its distinct enriching properties.
We recommend CAPE seed germination primer be used for these seeds. Acca sellowiana grows to about feet tall and forms a dense, rounded crown of small leaves that are grayish furry underneath.
The pinkish flowers have prominent red stamens and are followed by plum-sized, yellowish green fruits that are amazingly delicious, highly aromatic, lightly acidic and remind of pineapple and strawberries. They are eaten raw or used in jams, juices or sauces.
Hardy to zone 8. Ambae Golden A fast growing fig tree from the island of Ambae in Vanuatu produces large, glossy leaves and small, yellow, edible fruits that are best used for jams or the like. A great ornamental and a decent fruit tree for tropical climates. Grow as an inside plant when young, or outside in zones An unusual feature is the figs which hang on long stems.
This is a tropical plant for zones 9b or higher. The very large leaves of this tree are dark green and showy, making it an absolutely gorgeous ornamental as well. It grows well in pots when young. Can be container grown in zones colder than 9b. Impressive large Ficus species which can easy be recognized by the myriad of fruits that are hanging from its branches almost the whole year round.
In India the tree and its fruit are called gular in the north and atti in the south. The fruits are a favorite staple of the common Indian macaque. In Vietnam, it is called sung. Madan is a native of Thailand. It grows to a small size tree in tropical areas. It is found growing wild there in lowland and swampy areas of the evergreen forests in Central and South Thailand.
The fruits are consumed by local people in various ways. Madan fruits are mostly gathered from wild growing trees but some trees are also planted by people around homes. Madan fruits are very rich in vitamin A and calcium.
Since the fruits taste quite sour, they are often used in side dishes, salads and made into sauces. The fruit is also processed to make preserved fruit in syrup, pickled fruit and dried fruit. Fermented fruit is stuffed with minced pork to make a soup, or it can be made into a sweet. Young leaves are served as a vegetable accompaniment to many Thai dishes and can be eaten either raw or cooked. Zone 9b and higher. It is 20 to 50 feet and it has thick, smooth bark. It takes up to one year for the fruits to mature.
In most trees, bees pollinate the flowers. Its fruit is a large, rounded berry, which is 4 to 6 inches long, 2 to 3 inches wide, weighing between 8 and 16 ounces. It has a thin and leathery covering and a thick layer of soft, yellow-brown pulp.
The central cavity contains up to seeds, enclosed in membranes. The fruit is edible only when overripe and soft to the touch, when the flavor acid to subacid resembles that of dried apples or quinces. Genipap is widely distributed throughout the South American tropics and parts of the subtropical areas of Latin America. Areas were it grows naturally or where it has been introduced range from Mexico to Argentina and include the Caribbean as well.
In most places Genipap is restricted to the lowlands. The tree may have originated in the Amazon where it grows naturally. It is found especially in the "varzeas", the part of the Amazon forest that lies next to rivers and is flooded annually for several months.
Occurrence also extends into the open forest and the savannah transition zone. It is also common in secondary forests on sites abandoned by shifting agriculture. In Guyana, the ripe fruit is used mainly as fish bait. The fallen, astringent fruits are much eaten by wild and domestic animals. The juice of the unripe fruit is colorless but oxidizes on exposure to the air and gradually turns light brown, then blue-black, and finally jet black. It has been commonly employed by South American Indians to paint their faces and bodies for adornment and to repel insects; and to dye clothing, hammocks, utensils and basket materials a bluish-purple.
The dye is indelible on the skin for 15 to 20 days. This very common use is probably the reason why the tree is so dispersed in all tropical America. The fruit juice is recommended against rheumatism. Amerindians make a syrup from the juice of the mesocarp or cook the fruit and seeds and use the residual water against asthma and to reduce inflammations of the respiratory system.
The fruit pulp is used as a dental anesthetic. The scraped green fruit is used against itching. In Puerto Rico, the fruit is cut up and put in a pitcher of water with sugar added to make a summer drink like lemonade. Sometimes it is allowed to ferment slightly. A bottled concentrate is served with shaved ice by street vendors. In the Philippines the fruit is used to make cool drinks, as well as jelly, sherbet and ice cream.
The flesh is sometimes added as a substitute for commercial pectin to aid the jelling of low-pectin fruit juices. Rural Brazilians prepare sweet preserves, syrup, a soft drink called genipapada , wine, and a potent liqueur from the fruits.
The fruit is eaten as a remedy for jaundice in El Salvador. Ingested in quantity, it is said to act as a vermifuge. The fruit juice is given as a diuretic. It is a common practice in Puerto Rico to cut up the fruits, steep them in water until there is a little fermentation, then add flavoring and drink the infusion as a cold remedy. The crushed green fruit and the bark decoction are applied on venereal sores and pharyngitis. The root decoction is a strong purgative.
The seeds are crushed and added to water and taken as an emetic in Brazil. When cut, the bark exudes a whitish, sweetish gum which is diluted and used as an eyewash and is claimed to alleviate corneal opacities. The juice expressed from the leaves is commonly given as a febrifuge in Central America. The flower decoction is taken as a tonic and febrifuge.
The small, greenish-yellow flowers bloom in May and June and are fragrant. The fruit are actually 7" to 18" long, twisted, flattened pods, approximately 1" wide and strap-like, color changes from green to dark brown.
The pulp is sweet and thus the name. The pods are often fermented to make beer or to feed to livestock. Beware, lots of thorns! Hardy to zone 4. The tasteful, flesh rich fruits are gathered by the San people from February to August and are eaten in large quantities.
They are also mashed, soaked and eaten as a porridge. In the flowering season, the beautiful sweet-scented star-shaped yellow flowers can be found growing on the angles where the leaves grow on the branches.
These in turn make way for the berry-like fruit that starts showing from December to April. The berry fruit is reddish brown in colour when ripe and ready to eat, is sweetish in flavour and has a fairly high sugar content. A recent seed addition from Africa, we do not yet know zone requirements for this plant, so grow at your own risk! These are somewhat sour and popular mostly for making jams and jellies. Parts of the plant are also used in traditional medicine, including a preparation from the roots which is thought to relieve the effects of sorcery.
Hardy to at least 30F. Can be container grown in colder climates. Unfortunately it is a little too big for planting beneath most power lines. The tree usually maintains a fairly good central leader with small-diameter main branches. The four to six-inch-long, glossy green leaves are particularly striking and create light shade below the trees but they show no appreciable color change in autumn, dropping while they are still green.
In early summer, the branch-tips of the trees are festooned with small, two to three-inch-long cymes of sweetly-fragrant, greenish-white flowers which are quite attractive to insects. These blooms are followed by the production of small, fleshy, brown drupes which ripen to bright red and have a flavor similar to a sweet raisin, giving the tree its common name. Hardy for zones 6A through 10A. It is hardy to zone 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from September to October.
Hops are noted for attracting wildlife, pharmaceuticals, and beverage flavoring such as beer. Hops produce rich, heavily scented, green-golden fruit that is harvested in autumn. The flowers of Humulus lupulus contain the chemicals myrcene, myrcenol, resin, linalool, humulene and tannins, all used extensively in the pharmaceutical industy.
Also, another common usage is flavoring for the beer industry. Hops seeds can be slow to germinate. Use a process called "cold scarification" to encourage hop seed germination. A good method is to put seeds in an equal amount of moist sand and refrigerate from one to three months at about 41 degrees F. After that, plant the seeds at 68 degrees F. If the hops seeds have not germinated, put them back in the refrigerator and repeat the cycle.
Decorative fast growing vine, excellent for porches and screens. In Latin America, Yerba Mate is the beverage of choice and has a smoother taste than green tea, plus it's loaded with antioxidants. The plant itself makes a wonderful potted plant for its graceful full-leafed branches. The leaves can be harvested once the plant is established.
Grow in full sun with temperature above 65 degrees for fastest growth. Yerba mate was has been used as a beverage since the time of the ancient Indians of Brazil and Paraguay. In the early 16th century, Juan de Solis, a Spanish explorer of South America's famed La Plata River, reported that the Guarani Indians of Paraguay brewed a leaf tea that "produced exhilaration and relief from fatigue.
Their subsequent demand for the tea led the Jesuits to develop plantations of the wild species in Paraguay and yerba mate became known as "Jesuits' tea" or "Paraguay tea. This deactivates the enzymes in the leaves making them more brittle and the green color of the leaves is retained in the subsequent drying process with charred bits often found in the resulting tea product, which lends to a smoky flavor.
Other methods include a brief par-blanching of the leaves in boiling water to deactivate the leaf enzymes and soften its leathery texture. They then are toasted dry in large pans over a fire or inside a brick oven-resulting in a finished brown-leaf tea. The wild plant has a distinct aroma and taste that has not been matched by plantation cultivation. In South America yerba mate is considered a national drink in several countries; in Europe, it is called "the green gold of the Indios. It is not unusual for one wild tree to yield kg of dried leaves annually.
In wild harvesting, mate gatherers, called tarrafeiros or yebateros, travel through the jungle searching for a stand of trees called a mancha. Harvesting is done between May and October, when the tree is in full leaf.
Leaves are picked from the same tree only every third year, which protects it for subsequent crops. Most of the mate in commerce today, however, comes from large cultivation projects in Paraguay and Uruguay.
The word mate is Spanish for "gourd," and refers to the small gourd cup in which the tea beverage traditionally is served throughout South America. It is also served with a metal drinking straw or tube, called a bombilla, which has a filter attached to the lower end to strain out leaf fragments. The bottom third of the gourd is filled with fire-burned or toasted leaves, and hot water is added.
Mate bars are as prevalent in South America as coffee bars are in North America and Europe; mate drinking has deep cultural roots. In addition to its standing as a popular beverage, yerba mate is used as a tonic, diuretic, and as a stimulant to reduce fatigue, suppress appetite, and aid gastric function in herbal medicine systems throughout South America. It also has been used as a depurative to promote cleansing and excretion of waste. In Brazil, mate is said to stimulate the nervous and muscular systems and is used for digestive problems, renal colic, nerve pain, depression, fatigue, and obesity.
A poultice of the leaves also is applied topically to anthrax skin ulcers for which mate's tannin content - highly astringent - may be the reasoning behind this use. This is an interesting plant for zones 9 and higher outside, but could be grown in tubs and brought inside in cooler zones.
A member of the Solanaceae nightshades , Iochromas are more refined with smaller leaves and brightly colored tubular flowers that flare at the tips, and come in large, densely flowered clusters. This is a small shrub with simple, grayish green leaves and attractive, reddish, tubular flowers in terminal clusters, followed by cherry-sized, golden yellow, heart-shaped fruits that are edible and sweet. Zone 9b and higher outside. Jaltomata is closely related to the genus Solanum and shares many of its features.
It also has numerous aspects of Physalis. Jaltomata cajacayensis is known only from a single location in western Peru.
In cultivaton it is best adapted to warm temperate climates but can also be grown as an annual for its fruits. These easy-to-grow plants can grow as short-lived perennials but are better grown as annuals in cooler climates. The fruit has a pleasant taste and aroma and is prized as a food source by many.
This little tomato is found across Mexico and it's mostly used in the cuisines from the states of Oaxaca, Veracruz, Tamaulipas and Jalisco. It is rarely found in markets, and when it is, usually in small quantities. The ripe fruit has been used economically in parts of Mexico fresh, dried, in jams or preserves. Only completely ripe fruit are to be eaten, as green berries and the rest of the plant may be poisonous.
The plant grows like a tomatillo plant and the berries are a decent size and produces well even in poor sandy soils. This type of "berry tomato" is very juicy, has lots of seeds and a thick skin, peculiarities which the people who consume it enjoy.
Said to taste like a sweet and spicy cross between a tomato and a grape, it can be eaten raw or made in to a delicious jam. Definitely is a plant for super food and gourmet for vegan fans. Plants produced many cherry-sized black berries. They fall off when ripe. Plants can be grown like commonly tomatoes. This true perennial and can live many years in conservatory. In spring it shoots up from stout roots. As with other members of the Solanum family, such as tomatoes and aubergines, jaltomata may require staking or some form of support.
This small to medium-sized tree is short lived, seldom reaching the age of Butternut is more valued for its nuts than for lumber. The soft coarse-grained wood works, stains, and finishes well. Small amounts are used for cabinetwork, furniture, and novelties.
The sweet nuts are prized as a food by man and animals. The kernels are sweet, oily and tasty, having a buttery flavor as per the common name. Native Americans used the nuts for food and boiled the tree sap for syrup. This species is sometimes commonly called white walnut because of the light color of the wood.
Butternut is easily grown but must be transplanted early because of the quickly developing root system. Hardy for zones It is abundant in hedgerows and oldfields, as well as river bottoms and coves. In the open, walnut has a short main stem with a broad crown. With even moderate competition, walnut forms a tall, stately tree. Although I had often gone skinny-dipping with large groups of kids, the idea of taking off my shirt for two dorky guys in exchange for a badge seemed silly.
No one would fall for that. Then one summer day, my best friend and I were walking to the video store when the Trans Am pulled up. The owner of the laminating machine rolled down the window and pointed to my friend, saying, "She can get in, but Claire, you can't. She was a shy, straight-A student. Why would she do it? But I find myself asking the same question I had put to my friend back in Iowa: Francis doesn't have an answer. He rattles off suggestions: Mayer teaches a class on the nudity rituals that take place on New Orleans' infamous Bourbon Street.
She has studied and written about "Girls Gone Wild," and she contends that it's simplistic to say that Mantra takes advantage of women.
Francis and his staff maintain that it's the "girl next door" they seek out for their videos. In reality, the "Girls Gone Wild" girl is almost always slender and young, with nice teeth and very carefully groomed private parts. At the same time, Mantra recruits hard-working and attractive young men who will be able to sweet-talk women into taking their clothes off for the cameras. Mayer has studied the young cameramen, who, she says, often sign up because they hope to break into Hollywood.
Usually, she says, they end up disillusioned after spending night after night with women who lose their inhibitions for a T-shirt. I kind of feel like both sides could be seen as exploited. His entourage heads for the bar, bypassing an expanse of empty tables, to climb up to a narrow platform surrounded by a metal fence. This is the VIP section. Women in fishnets greet the crew wearing "Girls Gone Wild" tank tops and not much else. They are writhing against one another, their faces fixed in dazed sexual stares.
Everyone clusters around a small table stocked with Red Bull, vodka and pitchers of fruity punch. When I turn to the flock of pretty girls, Jillian Vangeertry, a year-old student, offers me a warm smile. I feel as if I'm in a bed of kittens. Why, I ask, is she here? T-shirts, hats—we got all the accessories," she says. I ask if she plans on going wild for the cameras later. It's almost like your 15 minutes of fame.
He says his boss is nothing short of brilliant. Even my dad knows 'Girls Gone Wild. They all want to feel like they are a part of Joe's world. He's hyper, like a kid on sugar, talking fast. He says he's discovered the ultimate quarry: I follow Francis and his bodyguard through the crowd to find Kaitlyn Bultema.
She's dancing on a podium and leaps off at the sight of Francis. She's wearing a skirt-and-shirt ensemble that exposes her stomach, most of her breasts and much of her bottom.
I ask her why she wants to appear on "Girls Gone Wild" and she looks me in the eye and says, "I want everybody to see me because I'm hot. This is so much bigger than Francis. In a culture where cheap and portable video technology lets everyone play at stardom, and where America's voyeuristic appetite for reality television seems insatiable, teenagers, like the ones in this club, see cameras as validation.
Getting famous will get me anything I want. If I walk into somebody's house and said, 'Give me this,' I could have it. One of them is Jannel Szyszka, a petite year-old who prances around the stage like a star. At her feet, a crowd of hundreds is gyrating to the pounding house music. Dozens of polo-shirted boys shout up to her, making requests like "shake your titties" and "get crunk" meaning crazy-drunk. Szyszka tells me later that as she was spinning around the strip pole that night, Francis appeared, grabbed her arm and pulled her toward him.
I was like, 'Whoa—Joe's, like, trying to talk to me, like out of all the girls in here. Szyszka says the more shots she drank, the cloudier her judgment became. She says she agreed to join Francis and his crew on the "Girls Gone Wild" bus.
And so when I'm walking to the bus, that's all I'm thinking is going to happen. Inebriated and excited, she says she was led to the back of the bus, to a small bedroom. The double bed, with its neatly folded iridescent purple sheets, takes up most of the room. A flat-screen TV faces the bed, and cabinets are filled with remote controls, lubricants, condoms, sex toys in plastic bags, baby oil, a DVD called "How to be a Player" and a clipboard full of waivers for girls to sign.
A small bathroom is off to the side, with a half-sized shower with faux marble tiling, and on the floor of the shower is a crate holding cheap and fruity-flavored rum, whiskey, tequila and Kool-Aid. Footage from that night shows a close-up of Szyszka's driver's license, proving she's not a minor. The camera then captures Szyszka lying on the bed. Her nails are chipped, her eyes coated with makeup.
Following a camerman's instructions, she shows her breasts and says, "Girls Gone Wild. The unseen cameraman asks her to take off her shirt, her skirt, then her underwear. She sprawls on the bed, her legs open. At his suggestion, she masturbates with a dildo, saying repeatedly that it hurts but also feels good.
Francis enters the room at certain points and you hear his voice, low and flirtatious, telling her, "You are so adorable. You won't be after my cameraman gets done with you. And I keep telling him it hurts.
I said, 'No' twice in the beginning, and during I started saying, 'Oh, my god, it hurts. Then, she says, he opened the door and told the cameraman to come back, saying, "She's not a virgin anymore. She says she agreed, and they walked to the front of the bus. Szyszka remembers that one of the crew returned her driver's license. Another asked if she wanted to hang out on the bus. She declined, she says, but asked for three pairs of "booty short" underwear that Francis had promised her for appearing on camera.
A month after the incident, she says, she told her sister and mother. She's confused, she admits, about what happened. She feels guilty, she says, for getting herself into the situation in the first place. She says she never would have undressed for the cameras if she hadn't been completely drunk. And she is adamant that she said "no" to Francis. She says she's haunted by that night. He seems to lose control, repeatedly referring to me by a crude word for female genitalia.
If you print that, baby, you just put the nail in your own coffin," he tells me. You decided to blast me. You are a [expletive] bitch.
I will get my last laugh on you. I will get you. In an e-mail, Burke says Francis and Szyszka did have sex—consensual sex—and that neither Francis nor anyone affiliated with "Girls Gone Wild" gave her any alcohol. Francis nor any of the GGW staff in or around the bus recall Ms. Szyszka making any complaint or comment about Mr. Szyszka was in good spirits after the encounter, and numerous witnesses have stated that she danced with her friends outside the bus for nearly two hours afterward," Burke writes.
Francis cannot speak to Ms. Szyszka's discomfort during the encounter, other news stories have commented that Mr. Francis is reputedly well-endowed. I don't call Francis back right away, so he calls my editor. He tells her that I have a crush on him, that I have an ax to grind because I am jealous and angry. That's how I met her. I took her to a lunch. She called me all the time and it wasn't about work. It was about me. I know when a girl has a crush on me.
When my editor asks if he put his hands on me that night, he doesn't hesitate. The officer told her to quit taking notes on what he was saying. I said, 'There's no freedom of the press here. She didn't get the sarcasm. She listened to him. Can you believe that? That's the 1st Amendment. She's not a journalist. I stand up for the 1st Amendment. When I start to pull police and court records, I find that I'm not the only woman who's made Francis mad. In , the property manager of his Santa Monica apartment, Stephanie Van de Motter, obtained a restraining order requiring that he stay at least yards away from her.
According to court documents, she said that Francis, upset about the noise garbage collectors made in the mornings, had harassed and threatened her, twice climbing up to her bedroom window and pounding violently on the glass and screaming obscenities at her whenever he saw her.
He appeared in her office several times, she said, asking for her by using the crude word for female genitalia, and left messages with a co-worker: He hurled profanities at her, she told police, saying, "I'm going to [expletive] get you, you [expletive] whore" and repeatedly used the same crude word. Two weeks later, Mathias-Patterson, who was pregnant, miscarried.
She later sued Francis and his company in Los Angeles County Superior Court for emotional distress, and the case was settled for an undisclosed amount. Francis' lawyer says he can't comment on the case. In , a woman filed a police report accusing Francis of drugging her. She told police that after she met Francis in a bar in South Beach, Fla. Police dropped their investigation, citing a lack of evidence, and Francis sued the woman for defamation in state court in Miami, where the case is pending.
In a news release, Francis said at the time: Rape is a very serious crime that I personally find disgusting. He says he didn't intervene at the time because he had been told by "Girls Gone Wild" crew members that Francis and I had "hooked up" and that we "had a thing going" and that I was "just jealous.
That didn't look like playing around anymore. Then I phone Leland Zaitz, who was working for Francis in Melrose Park as a producer and was in the parking lot during the episode.
Zaitz says he interpreted the whole thing as Francis being affectionate toward me, despite the fact that the pressure he applied was so intense that hours later, my arms were covered in red hand marks. I think it was just Joe's version of being playful and goofy," Zaitz says. Instead, the moment I saw Francis most clearly—his charm, his rage, his cunning and even his regret—came later, when no one was looking.
I was waiting, still shaken, outside the club for a cab to take me back to my hotel.
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